Dating methods in archaeology
This discovery proved to be the key to the study of Egyptology.
Egyptology has since become a celebrated and prolific branch of classical archaeology because of the amount and quality of material that have been well preserved in the dry Egyptian climate, In 1803, there was widespread criticism of Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin for removing the "Elgin Marbles" from their original location as a frieze on the Parthenon in Athens.
Colt-Hoare made meticulous recordings of his discoveries and preferred to use a trowel for careful excavation.
The Pitt-Rivers collection forms the nucleus of a museum named after him, in Oxford.
It was not until the introduction of modern technology from the 1950s onwards that a similar leap forward would be made in field archaeology.
Wheeler's method of excavation, laying out the site on a grid pattern, though gradually abandoned in favour of the open-area method, still forms the basis of excavation technique.
The exact origins of archaeology as a disciplined study are uncertain.
Excavations of ancient monuments and the collection of antiquities have been taking place for thousands of years.Napoleon brought some five hundred civilian scientists, specialists in fields such as biology, chemistry and languages, in order to carry out a full study of the ancient civilisations of Egypt.